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is an important barometer of the success of security sector reform efforts in the country more generally.
Outside scrutiny is minimal and the security challenges are pronounced-pro-independence guerrillas have long been based in the region and public resentment of Indonesian authorities and institutions continues to simmer.
In 2005 the operations caused the dislocation of thousands of villagers fleeing in fear to the mountains.
Public support for the guerrillas is perhaps stronger in the Central Highlands than anywhere else in Papua.
Some proponents of Papuan independence have alleged that Indonesia is carrying out genocide in the Central Highlands, while others claim that serious human rights violations are a thing of the past.
The Central Highlands show how security forces act when hidden from public view.
For this report, Human Rights Watch investigated 14 cases of alleged human rights violations in the region, interviewing more than 50 victims, witnesses, and family members of victims.
In the 14 incidents documented in this report-which include eight alleged killings, two rapes, and many cases of ill treatment and torture-at writing, only one member of the security forces had faced prosecution, and that was before a military court; a low ranking officer was sentenced to eight months in prison for killing a 16-year-old Papuan high school student.
To our knowledge, no Brimob or regular police officers have been investigated or prosecuted for their role in the remaining seven killings.While Indonesian security forces have improved their practices in some important respects in the provinces of Papua and West Papua, the situation remains of serious concern, particularly in the highlands.Security forces often presume civilians to be linked to, or vicariously responsible for, acts by the OPM.Several victims told Human Rights Watch about their forced displacement due to sweeping operations by Brimob and army units, and were eyewitnesses to the deaths of nine civilians (two children and seven adults), most likely caused by exposure to diseases such as malaria and lack of access to medical treatment during displacement.As noted above, many of the most serious violations we documented occurred as the police conducted sweeping raids through the communities believed to have hosted OPM leaders, or in areas where the OPM had allegedly led attacks upon security forces.Underlying these mostly violent abuses is a culture of impunity.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating